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#summary API for writing Lua scripts in Hedgewars.
#labels Featured
<wiki:toc max_depth="3" />

== Introduction ==

Version 0.9.13 of Hedgewars introduced the ability to use Lua scripts to modify Hedgewars behaviour for different maps without having to recompile the whole game. The till then used triggers (only appeared in training maps) were removed.

Lua is an easy to learn scripting language that's implemented using open source libraries. If you'd like to learn more about Lua, have a look at [ Lua's official homepage]. Even though its easy to learn syntax this wiki page won't explain all basics of using Lua, e.g. declaring variables or using control structures. There are tons of step-by-step tutorials and documentation available on the internet. Just throw "Lua" into your favourite search engine and give it a try.

How Hedgewars handles Lua scripts As of Version 0.9.13 Hedgewars supports Lua scripts for two similar tasks: Define tutorial missions or provide special map behaviour for precreated maps.

=== Tutorial missions ===
Tutorial missions are located within text files inside "share/hedgewars/Data/Missions/Training". The game will list all files with the lua extension inside this directory in the Training selection screen. You'll find some premade example scripts within this directory that contain several comments on the script lines and what they do.

=== Special maps ===
In addition to tutorial missions predrawn maps (maps not created using the random map creator) may contain a single lua script file named "map.lua". If it's there it will be used once the map is played. This way it's possible to play maps alone or over the internet using custom goals. Maps containing lua scripts will be listed with a "Mission:" prefix in map selection.

=== How Lua scripts are used ===
Several parts of script files are executed multiple times. In general, the whole script file is read while loading the map. Declarations as well as function calls outside functions are executed at once. Later on the game will call special predefined function names at special occassions such as the creation of new game objects (called gears).

=== Important things to know ===
It is possible to play missions in multiplayer. However this requires all participating players to have the exact same version of the map files, including the "map.lua" script file. If this isn't the case the game will probably desync and kick at least the one player using a different version of the map files. To avoid problems when running prepackaged maps, you should never modify any maps provided with the Hedgewars default package. Instead, create a copy of the existing map and modify this one. Feel free to share your work on the forums.
Another thing to note is the current status of our scripting implementation. Similar to the whole game, this is still work in progress and we can't guarantee that scripts working in this version will run in future revisions of the game as we might extend, change or rename parts of the scripting engine.

=== Global variables/constants ===
Global variables are used by the game to interact with the scripts by passing and retrieving their values. While some of the variables are never read by the engine some allow you to modify the engine's behaviour, e.g. the theme to be used for the current map.

=== Functions called by the game: Event Handlers ===
After successfully loading the Lua script the game will call the following functions on different occasions. To be used, they have to use the exact same name as defined below.

== Global available Constants ==

<blockquote><tt>LAND_WIDTH</tt>, <tt>LAND_HEIGHT</tt>
<blockquote><tt>!ScreenWidth</tt>, <tt>!ScreenHeight</tt>, <tt>!WaterLine</tt></blockquote>

Game flags:

<blockquote><tt>gfForts, gfMultiWeapon, gfBorder, gfSolidLand, gfDivideTeams, gfLowGravity, gfLaserSight, gfInvulnerable, gfMines, gfVampiric, gfKarma, gfArtillery, gfOneClanMode, gfRandomOrder, gfKing, gfPlaceHog, gfSharedAmmo, gfDisableGirders, gfExplosives, gfDisableLandObjects, gfAISurvival, gfInfAttack, gfResetWeps, gfResetHealth, gfPerHogAmmo, gfDisableWind, gfMoreWind, gfTagTeam</tt></blockquote>

*Note:* A few of these, e.g. gfResetHealth (and probably gfTagTeam) are not yet exposed to lua.

More constants at [GearTypes Gear Types] , [AmmoTypes Ammo Types], [Sounds], [States], [Sprites], [VisualGearTypes Visual Gear Types]

Additional global changing variables accessible:

 * <tt>!ClansCount</tt> - number of clans in the game (teams with the same color belong to one clan)
 * <tt>!TeamsCount</tt> - number of teams in the game
 * <tt>!TurnTimeLeft</tt> - number of game ticks left until the current turn ends
 * <tt>!GameTime</tt> - number of total game ticks
 * <tt>!TotalRounds</tt> - number of round that has passed
 * <tt>!CurrentHedgehog</tt> - the hedgehog gear that is currently in play

== Event Handlers ==

=== <tt>onGameInit()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called before the game loads its resources. One can modify various game variables here:
 * <tt>Seed = 0</tt> - sets the seed of the random number generator
 * <tt>!EnableGameFlags(gfSolidLand, gfArtillery)</tt> - sets the !GameFlags (just 2 of them in this example), see above for the available flags
 * <tt>!TurnTime = 60000</tt> - set the turntime in ms
 * <tt>!CaseFreq = 0</tt> - frequency of crate drops
 * <tt>!HealthCaseProb = 35</tt> - chance of receiving a health crate
 * <tt>!HealthCaseAmount = 25</tt> - amount of health in a health crate
 * <tt>!DamagePercent = 100</tt> - percent of damage to inforce
 * <tt>!MinesNum = 0</tt> - number of mines being placed (before 0.9.14 !LandAdds)
 * <tt>!MinesTime = 3</tt> - time for a mine to explode from activated, -1 for random
 * <tt>!MineDudPercent = 0</tt> - chance of mine being a dud
 * <tt>Explosives = 0</tt> - number of explosives being placed
 * <tt>Delay = 0</tt> - delay between each round
 * <tt>!SuddenDeathTurns = 30</tt> - turns until sudden death begins
 * <tt>!WaterRise = 47</tt> - height of water rise at sudden death in pixels
 * <tt>!HealthDecrease = 5</tt> - amount of health decreased on sudden death
 * <tt>Map = "Bamboo"</tt> - the map being played
 * <tt>Theme = "Bamboo"</tt> - the theme to be used
 * <tt>Ready = 5000</tt> - the ready timer at the start of the round
 * <tt>!MapGen</tt>
 * <tt>!TemplateFilter</tt>
 * <tt>Goals = "Jumping is disabled"</tt> - if you want to add info to the game mode dialog, use "|" to separate lines

If you want to add teams or hogs manually you have to do it here.

=== <tt>onGameStart()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when the first round starts.
Can be used to show the mission and for more setup, for example initial target spawning.

=== <tt>onGameTick()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called on every game tick, i.e. 1000 times a second.  If you just need to check on something periodically, consider...

=== <tt>onGameTick20()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called every 20 game ticks, i.e. 50 times a second.  It reduces lua overhead for simple monitoring that doesn't need to happen every single tick.

=== <tt>onNewTurn()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function calls at the start of every turn.
=== <tt>onGearAdd(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when a new gear is added. Useful in
combination with <tt>!GetGearType(gearUid)</tt>.
=== <tt>onGearDelete(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when a new gear is deleted. Useful in
combination with <tt>!GetGearType(gearUid)</tt>.
=== <tt>onGearDamage(gearUid, damage)</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when a gear is damaged.


<code lang="lua">    function onGearDamage(gear, damage)
        if (GetGearType(gear) == gtHedgehog) then
            -- adds a message saying, e.g. "Hoggy H took 25 points of damage"
            AddCaption(GetHogName(gear) .. ' took ' .. damage .. ' points of damage')
=== <tt>onGearResurrect(gearUid) </tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when a gear is resurrected. CPU Hogs will resurrect if the !GameFlag gfAISurvival is enabled. Alternatively, specific gears can have heResurrectable set to true via !SetEffect.
=== <tt>onAmmoStoreInit()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when the game is initialized to request the available ammo and ammo probabilities. Use !SetAmmo here.

=== <tt>onNewAmmoStore(team/clan index, hog index)</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is identical to onAmmoStoreInit in function, but is called once per ammo store.  This allows different ammo sets for each clan, team or hedgehog depending on the mode.</blockquote>
If gfSharedAmmo is set, the parameters passed are the clan index, and -1, and the function will be called once for each clan.
If gfPerHogAmmo is set, the parameters passed are the team index and the hog index in that team, and the function will be called once for each hedgehog.
If neither is set, the parameters passed are the team index and -1, and the function will be called once for each team.

These indexes can be used to look up details of the clan/team/hedgehog prior to gear creation.  Routines to do these lookups will be created as needed.
If you add this hook, the expectation is that you will call SetAmmo appropriately.  Any values from onAmmoStoreInit are ignored.

=== <tt>onScreenResize() (0.9.16) </tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you resize the screen. Useful place to put a redraw function for any vgtHealthTags you're using.

=== <tt>onAttack()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when your Hedgehog attacks.

=== <tt>onHJump()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you press the high jump key.

=== <tt>onLJump()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you press the long jump key.

=== <tt>onPrecise()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you press the precise key.

=== <tt>onLeft()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you press the left key.

=== <tt>onRight()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you press the right key.

=== <tt>onUp()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you press the up key.

=== <tt>onDown()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you press the down key.

=== <tt>onAttackUp()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you release the attack key.</blockquote>

=== <tt>onDownUp()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you release the down key.</blockquote>
=== <tt>onHogAttack()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you press the attack key.</blockquote>

=== <tt>onLeftUp()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you release the left key.</blockquote>

=== <tt>onPreciseUp()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you release the precise key.</blockquote>

=== <tt>onRightUp()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you release the right key.</blockquote>

=== <tt>onSetWeapon()</tt> ===

<blockquote>It is get called when a weapon is selected or switched.</blockquote>

=== <tt>onSlot()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when a weapon slot (row in the weapon menu) is selected.</blockquote>

=== <tt>onSwitch()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when a hog is switched to another.</blockquote>

=== <tt>onTaunt()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when the player uses an animated   emote for example "/wave, /juggle and etc.</blockquote>

=== <tt>onTimer()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when one of the timer keys is pressed.</blockquote>

=== <tt>onUpUp()</tt> ===

<blockquote>This function is called when you release the up 

=== <tt>onHogHide()</tt> (0.9.16) ===

<blockquote>This function is called when a hedgehog is hidden(removed from the map).</blockquote>

=== <tt>onHogRestore()</tt> (0.9.16) ===

<blockquote>This function is called when a hedgehog is restored (unhidden).<blockquote>

== Functions for creating gears ==

=== <tt>!AddGear(x, y, gearType, state, dx, dy, timer)</tt> ===

<blockquote>This creates a new gear at position x,y (measured from top left) of kind gearType (see [GearTypes Gear Types]). The initial velocities are dx and dy. All arguments are numbers. The function returns the uid of the gear created.

<code lang="lua">    local gear = AddGear(0, 0, gtTarget, 0, 0, 0, 0)
    FindPlace(gear, true, 0, LAND_WIDTH)</code>

=== <tt>!AddVisualGear(x, y, visualGearType, state, critical)</tt> ===

<blockquote>This creates a new visual gear at position x,y (measured from top left) of kind visualGearType (see [VisualGearTypes Visual Gear Types]).  The function returns the uid of the visual gear created.  Set critical to true if the visual gear is crucial to game play.  False if it is just an effect, and can be skipped when in fastforward (such as when joining a room).  A critical visual gear will always be created, a non-critical one may fail.  Most visual gears delete themselves. 

<code lang="lua">  -- adds an non-critical explosion at position 1000,1000. Returns 0 if it was not created.
    vgear = AddVisualGear(1000, 1000, vgtExplosion, 0, false) 

=== <tt>!SpawnHealthCrate(x, y)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Spawns a health crate at the specified position.
=== <tt>!SpawnAmmoCrate(x, y, ammoType)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Spawns an ammo crate at the specified position with content of ammoType (see [AmmoTypes Ammo Types]). Because by default settings the number of ammo in crates is zero it has to be increased to at least one with SetAmmo first, see the example:

<code lang="lua">    SetAmmo(amGrenade, 0, 0, 0, 1) -- see below
    SpawnAmmoCrate(0, 0, amGrenade) -- x=y=0 means random position on map</code>
=== <tt>!SpawnUtilityCrate(x, y, ammoType)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Spawns an utility crate at specified position with content of ammoType.

<code lang="lua">    SetAmmo(amLaserSight, 0, 0, 0, 1)
    SpawnUtilityCrate(0, 0, amLaserSight)</code>
=== <tt>!AddTeam(teamname, color, grave, fort, voicepack, flag)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Adds a new team. Note that this can only be done in onGameInit(), not at a later time. First argument is the team name followed by color, grave, fort, voicepack and flag settings.
Notice: This works only for singleplayer's training missions for now and will desync multiplayer games. Flag setting is dev only.


<code lang="lua">    AddTeam("team 1", 14483456, "Simple", "Island", "Default", "hedgewars")</code>
=== <tt>!AddHog(hogname, botlevel, health, hat)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Adds a new hedgehog for current team (last created one), with botlevel and specified health also head.
Notice: This works only for singleplayers training missions for now and will desync multiplayer games.


<code lang="lua">    local player = AddHog("HH 1", 0, 100, "NoHat") -- botlevel 0 means human player
    SetGearPosition(player, 1500, 1000)</code>
== Functions to get gear properties ==

=== <tt>!GetGearType(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns one of [GearTypes Gear Types] for the specified gear
=== <tt>!GetGearPosition(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns x,y coordinates for the specified gear
=== <tt>!GetGearRadius(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns radius for the specified gear
=== <tt>!GetGearVelocity(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns tuple of dx,dy values for the specified gear
=== <tt>!GetGearElasticity(gearUid) </tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns the elasticity of the specified gear. Useful for determining if a hog is on a rope or not. If a hog is attached to a rope, or is busy firing one, the elasticity of the rope will be non-zero.
=== <tt>!GetHogClan(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns the clan id of the specified hedgehog gear
=== <tt>!GetHogTeamName(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns the name of the specified hedgehog gear's team
=== <tt>!GetHogName(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns the name of the specified hedgehog gear
=== <tt>!GetEffect(gearUid, effect)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns the state of given effect for the given hedgehog gear.  

see !SetEffect for further details
=== <tt>!GetHogHat(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns the hat of the specified hedgehog gear
=== <tt>!GetAmmoCount(gearUid, ammoType) (0.9.16)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns the ammo count of the specified ammo type for the specified hedgehog gear.
=== <tt>!GetGearTarget(gearUid, x, y)  (0.9.16)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns the x and y coordinate of target-based weapons/utilities. <b> Note: </b>: This can't be used in onGearAdd() but must be called after gear creation. 
=== <tt>GetX(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns x coordinate of the gear
=== <tt>GetY(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns y coordinate of the gear
=== <tt>!GetState(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns the state of the gear. This is one of [States]
=== <tt>!GetGearMessage(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns the message of the gear.
=== <tt>!GetFollowGear()</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns the uid of the gear that is currently being followed.
=== <tt>!GetTimer(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns the timer of the gear. This is for example the time it takes for watermelon, mine, etc. to explode. This is also the time used to specify the blowtorch or rcplane time.
=== <tt>!GetHealth(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns the health of the gear
=== <tt>!GetHogLevel(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>returns the bot level from 0 to 5. 0 means human player.

=== <tt>!GetVisualGearValues(vgUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>This returns the typically set visual gear values, useful if manipulating things like smoke or bubbles or circles.  It returns the following values:
X, Y, dX, dY, Angle, Frame, FrameTicks, State, Timer, Tint 
X, Y typically position, dX, dY typically speed, Angle is usually the rotation angle, Frame is typically the animation frame, FrameTicks is usually an animation counter.  State can have a variety of values, but is typically bit packed, Timer is usually the gear lifetime and Tint is the colour.
Most visual gears require little to no modification of parameters.

<code lang="lua">    GetVisualGearValues(vgUid) -- return visual gear values

== Functions to modify gears ==

=== <tt>!HideHog(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Removes a hedgehog from the map. The hidden hedgehog can be restored with !RestoreHog(gearUid). The current hedgehog cannot be hidden!</blockquote>

<code lang="lua">    gear = AddGear(...)
     HideHog(gear) -- Hide the newly created gear.</code>

=== <tt>!RestoreHog(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Restores a previously hidden hedgehog.</blockquote>

<code lang="lua">    gear = AddGear(...)
     HideHog(gear) -- Hide the newly created gear.
     RestoreHog(gear) -- Restore the newly hidden gear.</code>

=== <tt>!DeleteGear(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Deletes a Gear</blockquote>

<code lang="lua">    gear = AddGear(...)
    DeleteGear(gear) -- Delete the newly created gear.</code>

=== <tt>!DeleteVisualGear(vgUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Deletes a Visual Gear.  Note, most visual gears delete themselves.</blockquote>

<code lang="lua">    vgear = AddVisualGear(...)
    DeleteVisualGear(vgear) -- Delete the newly created visual gear.</code>

=== <tt>!SetVisualGearValues(vgUid, X, Y, dX, dY, Angle, Frame, FrameTicks, State, Timer, Tint)</tt> ===

<blockquote>This allows manipulation of many of the visual gear values.  Calling GetVisualGearValues first is recommended on most visual gears unless you are controlling all the key values.  In the case of vgtCircle, the visual gear values are mapped as follows.  X, Y: position.  State: radius. Timer: Thickness.  FrameTicks: pulsation speed (0 to disable).  dX, dY: min/max pulsation opacity (0-255). Tint: colour, RGBA.
Most visual gears require little to no modification of parameters.

<code lang="lua">  -- set a circle to position 1000,1000 pulsing from opacity 20 to 200 (8%-78%), radius of 50, 3px thickness, bright red.
    SetVisualGearValues(circleUid, 1000,1000, 20, 200, 0, 0, 100, 50, 3, 0xff0000ff)

=== <tt>!FindPlace(gearUid, fall, left, right, tryHarder) (0.9.16)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Finds a place for the specified gear between x=left and x=right and places it there. 0.9.16 adds an optional fifth parameter, tryHarder. Setting to true/false will determine whether the engine attempts to make additional passes, even attempting to place gears on top of each other.

<code lang="lua">    gear = AddGear(...)
    FindPlace(gear, true, 0, LAND_WIDTH) -- places the gear randomly between 0 and LAND_WIDTH</code>
=== <tt>!HogSay(gearUid, text, manner)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Makes the specified gear say, think, or shout some text in a bubble.

<code lang="lua">    HogSay(CurrentHedgehog, "I wonder what to do...", SAY_THINK) -- thought bubble with text
    HogSay(CurrentHedgehog, "I'm hungry...", SAY_SAY) -- speech bubble with text
    HogSay(CurrentHedgehog, "I smell CAKE!", SAY_SHOUT) -- exclamatory bubble with text
=== <tt>!HogTurnLeft(gearUid, boolean)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Faces the specified hog left or right.

<code lang="lua">    HogTurnLeft(CurrentHedgehog, true) -- turns CurrentHedgehog left 
    HogTurnLeft(CurrentHedgehog, false) -- turns CurrentHedgehog right</code>
=== <tt>!SetGearPosition(gearUid, x, y)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Places the specified gear exactly at the position (x,y).
=== <tt>!SetGearVelocity(gearUid, dx, dy)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Gives the specified gear the velocity of dx, dy.
=== <tt>!SetAmmo(ammoType, count, probability, delay, numberInCrate)</tt> ===

<blockquote>This updates the settings for a specified [AmmoTypes Ammo Type] as of count available for players, spawn probability, availability delay in turns, and the number available in crates. This is supposed to be used in the onAmmoStoreInit() event handler.

<code lang="lua">    SetAmmo(amShotgun, 9, 0, 0, 0) -- unlimited amount of shotgun ammo for players
    SetAmmo(amGrenade, 0, 0, 0, 3) -- crates should contain always three grenade</code>
=== <tt>!AddAmmo(gearUid, ammoType, ammoCount) (0.9.16) </tt> ===

<blockquote>Adds ammoType to the specified gear. The amount added is determined by the arguments passed via !SetAmmo() in the onAmmoStoreInit() event handler. In 0.9.16 ammo can be set directly via the optional third parameter, ammoCount. A value of 0 will remove the weapon, a value of 100 will give infinite ammo.

*Note:* The effectiveness of this function may be limited due to problems with gfPerHogAmmo in lua scripting.

=== <tt>!SetHealth(gearUid, health)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the health of the specified gear.
This can be used for purposes other than killing hedgehogs.

For example:

  * Starting the RC Plane 10 shots
  * Starting Flying Saucer (gtJetpack) with only 50% fuel.
  * Setting all the mines to duds.
  * (And more!)

<code lang="lua">    function onGearAdd(gear)
       if (GetGearType(gear) == gtRCPlaane) then
            SetHealth(gear, 10)
       if (GetGearType(gear) == gtJetpack) then
            SetHealth(gear, 1000)
       if (GetGearType(gear) == gtMine) then
            SetHealth(gear, 0)

=== <tt>!SetEffect(gearUid, effect, effectState)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the state for one of the effects <tt>heInvulnerable, heResurrectable, hePoisoned, heResurrected, heFrozen</tt> for the specified hedgehog gear.
A value of 0 usually means the effect is disabled, values other than that indicate that it is enabled and in some cases specify e.g. the remaining time of that effect.
Example: (sets all bots poisoned)

<code lang="lua">    function onGearAdd(gear)
        if (GetGearType(gear) == gtHedgehog) and (GetBotLevel(gear) > 0) then
            SetEffect(gear, hePoisoned, 1)

Note: prior to the ice-gun release, 0.9.19 (commit 10a0a31804f3 ) effectState was of boolean type (true = effect enabled, false = effect disabled)

=== <tt>CopyPV(gearUid, gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>This sets the position and velocity of the second gear to the first one.
=== <tt>CopyPV2(gearUid, gearUid)</tt> (deprecated) ===

<blockquote>This sets the position of the second gear to that of the first one, but makes its velocity twice the one of the first.
Notice: This function is no longer used, use GetGearVelocity and SetGearVelocity instead.
=== <tt>!FollowGear(gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Makes the gameclient follow the specifiec gear.
=== <tt>!SetHogName(gearUid, name)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the name of the specified hedgehog gear
=== <tt>!SetHogHat(gearUid, hat)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the hat of the specified hedgehog gear
=== <tt>!SetGearTarget(gearUid, x, y) (0.9.16)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the x and y coordinate of target-based weapons/utilities. <b> Note: </b>: This can't be used in onGearAdd() but must be called after gear creation. 
=== <tt>!SetState(gearUid, state)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the state of the specified gear to one of [States].

=== <tt>!SetGearMessage(gearUid, message)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the message of the specified gear.

=== <tt>!SetTag(gearUid, tag)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the tag of the specified gear, different for every gear.

=== <tt>!SetTimer(gearUid, timer)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the timer of the specified gear. Also see !GetTimer.

=== <tt>!SetHogLevel(gearUid, level)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the bot level from 0 to 5. 0 means human player.

=== <tt>!SetGearPos(gearUid, value) (0.9.18-dev)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Set pos of specified gear to specified value.</blockquote>

== Other Functions ==

=== <tt>!ClearGameFlags()</tt> ===

<blockquote>Disables *all* !GameFlags

=== <tt>!DisableGameFlags(gameflag, ...)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Disables the listed !GameFlags, without changing the status of other !GameFlags

=== <tt>!EnableGameFlags(gameflag, ...)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Enables the listed !GameFlags, without changing the status of other !GameFlags

=== <tt>!GetGameFlag(gameflag)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns true if the specified gameflag is enabled, otherwise false

=== <tt>!EndGame()</tt> ===

<blockquote>Makes the game end.

=== <tt>!ParseCommand(string)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Makes the gameclient parse the specified custom command.

=== <tt>!ShowMission(caption, subcaption, text, icon, time)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Use to tell the player what he is supposed to do.

As of (0.9.15), icon currently accepts:
 * -amBazooka, -amShotgun etc. (and other ammo types)
 * 0 (Gold Crown icon)
 * 1 (Target icon)
 * 2 (Exclamation mark)
 * 3 (Question mark)
 * 4 (Gold star)

=== <tt>!HideMission()</tt> ===

<blockquote>Hides the mission. This function is currently bugged somehow and will completely ruin your life, and your script should you happen to use it.

=== <tt>!AddCaption(text)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Display event text in the upper part of the screen.

=== <tt>!MapHasBorder()</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns true/false if the map has a border or not.

=== <tt>!TestRectForObstacle(x1, y1, x2, y2, landOnly) (0.9.16) </tt> ===

<blockquote>Checks the rectangle between the given coordinates for possible collisions. set landOnly to true if you don't want to check for collisions with gears (hedgehogs, etc.)

=== <tt>!PlaySound(soundId)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Plays the specified sound.

=== <tt>!PlaySound(soundId, gearUid)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Plays the specified sound for the chosen hedgehog's team.

=== <tt>!SetInputMask(mask)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Masks specified player input.
<code lang="lua">    -- masks the long and high jump commands
SetInputMask(band(0xFFFFFFFF, bnot(gmLJump + gmHJump))) 
    -- clears input mask, allowing player to take actions
Note: Using the input mask is an effective way to script uninterrupted cinematics, or create modes such as No Jumping. 

=== <tt>!SetGravity(percent)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Changes the current gravity of the game in percent (relative to default, integer value).
Setting it to 100 will set gravity to default gravity of hedgewars, 200 will double it, etc.

=== <tt>!GetGravity()</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns the current gravity in percent

=== <tt>!SetZoom(zoomLevel)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the zoom level. The value for maximum zoom is currently 1.0 and for minimum 3.0 The default zoom level is 2.0

=== <tt>!GetZoom()</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns the current zoom level

=== <tt>!GetRandom(number)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns a randomly generated number in the range of 0 to number - 1.  This random number uses the game seed, so is synchronised, and thus safe for multiplayer and saved games.  Use GetRandom for anything that could impact the engine state.  For example, a visual gear can use the Lua random, but adding a regular gear should use GetRandom.

=== <tt>!SetWind(windSpeed)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the current wind in the range of -100 to 100. Use together with gfDisableWind for full control.

=== <tt>!GetDataPath()</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns the path to the data directory, used when adding libraries.

=== <tt>!GetUserDataPath()</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns the path to the user data directory, used when adding libraries.

=== <tt>!GetClanColor(clan)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Returns the colour of the chosen clan by its number.
=== <tt>!SetClanColor(clan, color)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Sets the colour of the chosen clan by its number.

=== <tt>!PlaceGirder(x, y, state)</tt> (0.9.16) ===

<blockquote>Places a girder with centre points x, y and the chosen state.
These are the accepted states:
  * 0: short, horizontal
  * 1: short, decreasing right
  * 2: short, vertical
  * 3: short, increasing right
  * 4: long, horizontal
  * 5: long, decreasing right
  * 6: long, vertical
  * 7: long, increasing right

=== <tt>!GetCurAmmoType()</tt> (0.9.16) ===

<blockquote>Returns the currently selected [AmmoTypes Ammo Type].

=== <tt>!SwitchHog(gearUid)</tt> (0.9.16) ===

<blockquote>This function will switch to the hedgehog with the specified Uid.</blockquote>

=== <tt>!SendStat(TStatInfoType, statMessage[, teamName])</tt> (0.9.20) ===

<blockquote>Exposes the uIO SendStat to the lua scripts. Use it to produce custom stat pages.


<code lang="lua">
-- will automatically change the health icon to a star
SendStat(siGraphTitle,'Custom Graph Title')
SendStat(siGameResult,'Winner is Team A!')
SendStat(siCustomAchievement,'This is a custom mesasge posted in the Details section!')
-- Changes the word kill to Point, call it just before sending kills/score for each hog
-- in case you want to change the word i.e. print Point or Points
-- if above function call was not used it will print 3 kills for teamName in Ranking section.
-- if it was used it will print 3 Point for teamName in Ranking section.
-- call siClanHealth to send the "value" of a clan that will be used for the graph creation
-- a good idea is to call it always for every hog by using the runOnGears(function)
-- in normal mode "value" represents clan health
SendStat(siClanHealth, "100",teamName)
-- most hedgehogs killed in a round (hedgeHogName is who killed them)
SendStat(siMaxStepKills, "1 hedgeHogName (teamName)")
-- hog with most damage inflicted to his own team
SendStat(siMaxTeamDamage, "100 hedgeHogName")
-- total number of killed hedgehogs
SendStat(siKilledHHs, "1")
-- increases the wins of local teams in case the given number is greater than 0
SendStat(siTeamStats, "teamName:0:")
-- best shot award
SendStat(siMaxStepDamage, "30 hedgeHogName (teamName)")
-- team with most kills of own hedgehogs
SendStat(siMaxStepDamage, "2 teamName")
-- team with most skips
SendStat(siMaxTurnSkips, "3 teamName")


  * As the game engine send stats to the front end at the end of the game one should send her stats when the game is going to finish and right before the call of EndGame(). (Note: Stats are sent from the engine in CheckForWin. If conditions are met(win or draw) then SendStats(uStats) is called.)
  * Calling just EndGame() won't produce any stats.
  * If one would like to produce a custom graph see also SendHealthStatsOff().


=== <tt>!SendHealthStatsOff()</tt> (0.9.20) ===

<blockquote>Prevents the engine of sending health stats to the front end. 

If any health stats haven't been sent before this will cause the health graph to the stats page to be hidden. Use this function in the lua scripts to produce custom graphs by calling it inside onGameStart() and using the SendStat().</blockquote>

== Math Functions ==

=== <tt>!div(dividend, divisor)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Performs an integer division and returns the result.
The result is an integer and has the value of the first parameter (integer) divided by the second parameter (integer), rounded towards zero.

== Debugging Functions ==

=== <tt>!WriteLnToConsole(string)</tt> ===

<blockquote>Writes (string) to the game0.log, found in the user data directory.