author Wuzzy <>
Wed, 17 Apr 2019 16:16:48 +0200
changeset 1805 d18970cf6ca2
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Update other pages for new Lua documentation structure

#summary List of utility functions in the Lua API

= Lua API: Utility functions =
This page is a list of utility functions in the [LuaAPI Lua API] and other functions that don't fit anywhere else.

<wiki:toc max_depth="3" />

== File system functions ==
=== <tt>!HedgewarsScriptLoad(scriptPath [, mustExist])</tt> ===
Loads a script (i.e. a [LuaLibraries library]) from the specified `scriptPath`. The root directory is here Hedgewars’ data directory. There will be a Lua error if the script does not exist.

If `mustExist` is `false`, no Lua error will happen even when the script does not exist.

Returns `true` if the script was loaded successfully, `false` otherwise.

<code language="lua">
HedgewarsScriptLoad("/Scripts/Locale.lua")  -- loads locale library

== Math functions ==
=== <tt>div(dividend, divisor)</tt> ===
Performs an integer division and returns the result.
The result is an integer and has the value of the first parameter (an integer) divided by the second parameter (another integer), rounded towards zero.

=== <tt>band(value1, value2)</tt> ===
Returns the bitwise logical AND of `value1` and `value2`.

=== <tt>bor(value1, value2)</tt> ===
Returns the bitwise logical OR of `value1` and `value2`.

=== <tt>bnot(value)</tt> ===
Returns the bitwise logical NOT of `value`.

== Debugging functions ==
=== <tt>WriteLnToConsole(string)</tt> ===
Writes `string` to `Logs/game0.log`, found in the user data directory.

=== <tt>WriteLnToChat(string)</tt> (0.9.24) ===
Writes `string` into the chat.

=== <tt>DumpPoint(x, y)</tt> (0.9.23) ===
Converts the whole numbers `x` and `y` to strings and writes them to `Logs/game0.log`, one line each.

=== <tt>StartGhostPoints(count)</tt> ===
Just prints out “GHOST_POINTS” and the argument on the console. This function might change in later versions.

=== <tt>DeclareAchievement(id, teamname, location, value)</tt> ===
Declares an achievement with the identifier `id` achieved by the team `teamname` on the map `location` with an achievement value (e.g. score) of `value`. `value` must be an integer. You are supposed to call this function inside an `onAchievementsDeclaration` callback.

Currently, this actually just triggers a console output, but it might be changed later. The idea is to track multiplayer records.


<code language="lua">DeclareAchievement("height reached", teamname, "ClimbHome", -score)</code>
Records a team's best height in !ClimbHome.

=== <tt>!ParseCommand(string)</tt> ===
Makes the game client parse and execute the specified internal game engine command.

The available commands depend on the current engine protocol version. The *engine protocol can (and will) change* between releases.

*Important*: If you use `ParseCommand` to overcome a shortcoming in our Lua API (e.g. a missing function), please make sure to [ report the issue].

With your report we can fix the shortcoming in future releases. We will try to remove the reliance on `ParseCommand` as good as possible. This will allow scripts to use the previously missing feature in a way that won’t break!

There are many available commands, but actual use in scripting is rare, and even then it's discouraged for long-term use. As of 0.9.24, the only command used in official scripts is:

 * `"draw <map>"`: Draws a hand-drawn map. `MapGen` must be `mgDrawn` for this to work. `<map>` is a string which must follow the format specified in [DrawnMapFormat]

Moreover, the control action names as listed in [ConfigurationFiles] (under “Binds”) can be used. Note we will eventually try to remove all `ParseCommand`s in the official scripts.

=== <tt>!EndLuaTest(success)</tt> ===
This function is used by the Hedgewars developers in testing scripts in order to test the game engine. The testing scripts can be found in the Hedgewars source code under `tests/lua`. This function is useless for anything else.

Calling this function ends an engine test and reports a test result.

`success` is either one of `TEST_SUCCESSFUL` to report a successful test or `TEST_FAILED` for a failed test.

See [EngineTestCases] to learn more about testing the engine.

== Library functions ==
For more utility functions, you might want to check out the [LuaLibraries Lua libraries].